The temporomandibular joint is one the most complex and most used joints in the human body. It has a privileged position anatomically and functionally, since it carries out rotary and back and forth motion when opening.
The two temporomandibular joints are connected by the lower jaw. Therefore, the investigation and treatment of both joints are always necessary when complaints arise. The temporomandibular joint is in the direct vicinity of the external auditory canal and consists of the joint head (condylus) and the socket (fossa). A fiber cartilage disk (discus) acts as a buffer between them. Ligaments (ligamente) and muscles stabilize the head of the joint with the disk and enable the lower jaw movements necessary for chewing and speaking.